This study aimed at investigating the potential role of the Port of Rotterdam in the development of new circular value chains for, among others, plastics, batteries, biomass/biowaste and carbon. The objective of the study was to:
- Provide a summary of relevant legislation and the issues that influence secondary feedstocks.
- Identify secondary feedstocks where international trade is most important, and potential still exists.
- Investigate the current policy gaps and required policy amendments to facilitate feedstock movement. Explore the role of industry as one of the important stakeholders.
- Develop a roadmap of legislation and potential policy routes from key streams and policies.
- Analysis of market forces, dynamics in other comparable commodities and streams of recyclate.