Transitioning to a climate-neutral electricity generation

This project supported the Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communication in defining a strategy for a climate neutral electricity system by 2050. The overall objective of this study was to propose institutional, administrative and growth-sustaining reforms in Estonia to achieve the decarbonisation of the power sector. This work assessed which technologies and policies can be deployed over the next three decades in order to decarbonise the generation of electricity. Specifically, it defined and modelled the impacts of multiple pathways towards climate neutral electricity production and developed an Action Plan on decarbonising electricity production, to form the basis of Energy strategy to be adopted in Estonia. Pathways included those focused on Offshore Wind, Biogas expansion, Nuclear power and CCS for Oil Shale.

The results of this study provided Estonian officials with a clear understanding of the costs and benefits associated with different pathways for the decarbonisation of electricity and provided evidence-based recommendations for future policies to scale Estonia’s low carbon transition. The project was carried out from September 2020 to September 2022 by Trinomics (lead partner), with the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and E3-Modelling (E3M).