Is the EU Adaptation Strategy meeting its objectives?
Climate change will have a range of impacts upon the EU which require action to increase resilience and adapt to the new normal. In 2013 the EU launched its Adaptation Strategy where it set out three key objectives, namely to: (1) promote action by the Member States; (2) support better informed decision making; and, (3) Climate proof EU action and promote adaptation in vulnerable sectors. It also set out eight actions to achieve these objectives, ranging from supporting MS in developing national adaptation strategies to better targeting and guiding its own funding, research and programmes. The objective of this work was to evaluate how successful the Strategy has been in achieving these objectives on the basis of the evaluation criteria of Effectiveness, Efficiency, Relevance, Coherence or EU Added Value. This study was led by Ricardo E&E, supported by Trinomics, Alterra and IEEP.
The work was based around four key tasks:
- Compiling a comprehensive information base – including the update of EU28 country fiches for the Adaptation Preparedness Scoreboard, and country fiches for 15 non-EU countries profiling their adaptation strategies and commitments;
- Updating a list of legislation into which adaptation is included or mainstreamed;
- Evaluation of the Strategy in line with the Better Regulation guidelines; and,
- Carrying out wide-ranging and in-depth stakeholder consultation to validate and add to the evaluation.
The work was based upon a comprehensive desk review (task 1) and stakeholder consultation strategy (task 4), with the latter including targeted expert surveys, stakeholder workshops, interviews, administrative burden surveys and an official public consultation exercise. Based on this data we analysed the performance of the strategy to date. The findings of this study support the EU in understanding the performance of the EU Adaptation Strategy in its first four years and contribute to the review of the Strategy that the European Commission must carry out