Trinomics evaluation and country fiches published by DG CLIMA as it evaluates the EU’s strategy for adaptation to climate change

Report: adapt_strat_eval_report_en (3 MB) DG Climate Action published on 12th November 2018 its evaluation of the EU strategy on adaptation to climate change – see here. This evaluation was underpinned by work carried out by Trinomics (as part of a team led by Ricardo E&E and also including IEEP and Wageningen Environmental Research). The evaluation…

Trans-European gas infrastructure in the light of the 2050 decarbonisation targets

Report: Final gas infrastructure (2 MB) The required sharp decrease in CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 may drastically reduce the share of natural gas in the European energy mix. In 2018 Trinomics prepared a study for DG Energy on the role of trans-European gas infrastructure in the light of the 2050 decarbonisation…

What was the impact of the TEN-E Regulation on Europe’s energy networks and the progress of trans-European energy infrastructure projects?

Report: Evaluation of the TEN-E Regulation (4 MB) In 2017 we led the evaluation study of the Trans-European Energy Networks (TEN-E) Regulation, carried out in collaboration with Enerdata, DNV GL and Spark. The TEN-E Regulation identifies priority corridors and thematic areas of trans-European energy infrastructure and provides guidelines for the selection of Projects of Common…

Study on financing clean energy innovation completed

Trinomics and its partners have completed the study ‘Building the investment community for innovative energy technology projects’ for the European Commission, DG Energy. The overall objective of this study was to contribute to increasing the volume of investment in innovative energy technology solutions by developing investment partnerships (i.e. the investment community). The realization of such…

Study reveals that the circular economy can have a positive impact on employment in the EU

Report: Impacts of circular economy on policies on the labour market (5 MB) The transition towards a circular economy has been set in motion. National policy frameworks are being developed and the European Commission adopted the Circular Economy Package in December 2015. By 2018, several actions mentioned in this package have been adopted or initiated.…

Monitoring study published on the economic development of the collaborative economy in the EU

Report: Study to monitor the economic development of the collaborative economy at sector level in the 28 EU Member States (4 MB) Collaborative economy business models are growing strongly in Europe and are changing the lives of its citizens. More and more often, we share do-it-yourself equipment with neighbours we met via a smartphone app, rent…

How to include energy finance in the current EU macroeconomic models?

In 2015, the European Commission launched a two-year project with the objective to improve the modelling of the interactions of European energy and climate policy within the real economy. This major project was led by Cambridge Econometrics and included E3Modelling and Trinomics as partners. In particular, the study aimed to extend two global energy-economy-environment models, to…

Trinomics reports on private climate finance mobilised by the Government of the Netherlands

For the third year in a row, Trinomics has supported the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the analysis and reporting on private climate finance that has been mobilised by the Netherlands. The results are now published on the website of the Government of the Netherlands. The report is one of the background documents to the Annual Report of…

Improving the investment community to facilitate increased investments

The European Commission recently published the first deliverable of our study on ‘Building the investment community for innovative energy projects’. The overall objective of the study is to build/strengthen the investment community for innovative energy technologies, in order to increase the volume invested. Financing is…

National strategies for renewables: workshop report

This report summarises the presentation and discussions of the workshop on ‘National Strategies for Renewables: Energy Efficiency, Building Renovation and Self-consumption’. The workshop was held on 22 February 2018, hosted by the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) of the European Parliament. The aim…

Are Uber, Airbnb and car-sharing platforms good for the environment?

Consciously or unconsciously, the sharing economy (or collaborative economy) has provided many consumers with more and often cheaper alternatives of products and services in many sectors of the economy. During holidays we rent apartments with Airbnb, we borrow a ladder from a neighbour with Peerby, or we join a ride with a stranger to visit relatives in another city with Blablacar. Many of the collaborative economy platforms have…

The energy transition financing gap: What is the issue and how can the EU help fixing it?


Report: Energy and the MFF (3 MB)


The EU has set out to become a global leader in the fight against climate change. This is mirrored in its ambitious climate and energy targets up until 2030. By that year, GHG emissions will have to be 40% below 1990 levels, renewable energy needs to represent 27% of gross final energy consumption, and energy consumption will have to decrease by 27% in comparison to the BAU scenario. In the analytical study entitled ‘Energy and the MFF’…

Mid-term review of the implementation of the 7th Environmental Action Programme

Trinomics has in collaboration with Technopolis group at the request of the Ex-Post Evaluation Unit of the Directorate for Impact Assessment and European Added Value, within the Directorate General for Parliamentary Research Services (DG EPRS) of the General Secretariat of the European Parliament supported the mid-term review of the…

Study supporting the impact assessment concerning transmission tariffs and congestion income policies

Report: Transmission tariffs and congestion income (12 MB) The European Commission’s DG ENER has recently published its study supporting the impact assessment concerning transmission tariffs and congestion income policies. This study, carried out by ECN, DCision! and Trinomics, examines the impact of diverging transmission tariff structures in EU member States and outlines potential policy options…

Assessment of Photovoltaics (PV)


Report: AssessmentofPV (878 KB)


Report: AssessmentofPV (878 KB) The European Commission, DG RTD, has published the final report of Trinomics’ study on potential strategies to rebuild EU manufacturing capacities for solar PV. The study has been performed in collaboration with DNV GL, JIIP, PWC, Ricardo Energy & Environment, Tecnalia, and VTT. This final report provides a concise overview of…

Assessing the state-of-play of climate finance tracking in Europe

Report: State-of-play of European climate finance tracking (published 6 July 2017) (8 MB) This Trinomics report has been prepared to underpin the European Environment Agency’s briefing on ‘Financing Europe’s low carbon, climate resilient future‘. The study report Trinomics prepared for the EEA presents the findings of a first Europe-wide stocktaking exercise to assess the current status of climate…

Access-to-Finance Conditions for Investments in Bio-Based Industries and the Blue Economy

The EIB report on  Access-to-Finance Conditions for Investments in Bio-Based Industries and the Blue Economy was published on 31 May 2017. This report is based on a study carried out by EY with the support of Trinomics. Trinomics carried out desk research, data collection and interviews with project promoters in the Blue Economy in Europe. The study…

Trinomics contributes city case studies for new European Environment Agency report on ‘Financing urban adaptation to climate change’

The eleven detailed city case studies on financial models for implementing urban adaptation measures that Trinomics and its partners Arcadis and TNO have developed under a recent project for the European Environment Agency (published here) have been integrated in the new European Environment Agency report on ‘Financing urban adaptation to climate change’. This report offers…

Trinomics contributed to new European Environment Agency ‘Climate Change, Impacts and Vulnerability 2016’ report

Today, the European Environment Agency released the ‘Climate Change, Impacts and Vulnerability 2016’ report. The report assesses the latest trends and projections on climate change and its impacts across Europe. In a nutshell, climate change poses increasingly severe risks for ecosystems, human health and the economy in Europe. One of the main conclusions is that…

Boosting Building Renovation: What potential and value for Europe?


Report: ipol_stu2016587326_en (4 MB)


Report: ipol_stu2016587326_en (4 MB) The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) of the European Paliament has published in October 2016 the paper titled ‘Boosting Building Renovation: What potential and value for Europe?’ authored by Trinomics. The paper consists of a thorough review of the state of the European building stock and assesses various policy…

Transforming the EU power sector: avoiding a carbon lock-in

The European Environment Agency (EEA) has published the report on the low carbon transition in the power sector in the European Union. This report, prepared with support from Trinomics, provides a better understanding of the theoretical evolution of fossil fuel capacity by 2030 and how this would contrast with the qualitatively different EU power sector needed in order to achieve EU climate…

Final report on the efficient functioning of waste markets for DG Environment, European Commission, published!


Report: waste_market_study (11 MB)


Report: waste_market_study (11 MB) On July 13, 2016 the European Commission has published its final report on the efficient functioning of waste markets in the European Union – legislative and policy options. This report, prepared by ARCADIS (lead partner) and Trinomics, provides a better understanding of the nature and extent of obstacles and regulatory failures affecting…

EEA report on ‘Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe 2016’ published today stresses the benefits of investing in long-term preventive measures that cities should take to improve their resilience


Report: Urban adaptation report (18 MB)


Report: Urban adaptation report (18 MB) The new EEA report on ‘Urban adaptation to climate change in Europe 2016 — Transforming cities in a changing climate’ builds on and complements existing products and initiatives on urban adaptation in Europe, among others the case study reports prepared by Trinomics on developing urban case studies on synergies between…

Report on Supporting the implementation of Green Infrastructure across Europe

Led by Trinomics, in collaboration with Alterra, Arcadis, Risk & Policy Analysis, Stella Consulting, and the Regional Environmental Centre, the team has supported the European Commission (DG Environment) over the past 1 ½ years in the implementation of the European Green Infrastructure Strategy. The service contract aimed to ensure a more effective promotion of GI…

Report on Energy Poverty Indicators

Energy poverty is a raising policy issue across the EU. To understand the extent and depth of the problem of affordability of energy services better indicators are needed. Trinomics, together with UCL and SEVEn has carried out an assignment for DG Energy on “Selecting Indicators to Measure Energy Poverty”. The report recommends four key indicators to…

Financing meaningful mitigation actions

Report: Financing meaningful mitigation actions (2 MB) The European Commission has published a report by Trinomics and Ricardo-AEA as part of the Scaling up Climate Finance in 2014 and beyond project. The report assesses the financing of meaningful climate mitigation initiatives in Chile, India, Vietnam, Ecuador and South Africa. The case studies focus in the transport and…

RECREATE policy brief published: Selling solar services as a contribution to a circular economy


Report: Recreate PB 2015 (3 MB)


Report: Recreate PB 2015 (3 MB) The FP7 Recreate project, in which Trinomics together with an international consortium is involved, has just published its first newsletter. The newsletter was written by Trinomics, based on a detailed case study produced by Wuppertal Institut. The theme of this newsletter is solar leasing, as one example of a…

Facilitating green skills and jobs in developing countries

Report: AFD Green jobs in developing countries (2 MB) AFD published a Trinomics report on facilitating green skills and jobs in developing countries. Green growth and green economy policies in developing countries have proven to have positive impacts on the countries’ labor markets and economic development, providing opportunities for green job creation, skills development and other…

Energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions – prospective scenarios for the aluminium industry in the EU and Iceland

Report: Prospective scenarios for the aluminium industry (2 MB) The aim of this project carried out for the Joint Research Centre of the European Union was to perform an in-depth analysis of the technological innovation that could take place in the aluminium sector in the EU and Iceland and a quantification of their impact on…

Issue Brief published: Deep Sea Mining: Hitting the Bottom or Taking off?


Report: Deep Sea Mining 2015 (1 MB)


Report: Deep Sea Mining 2015 (1 MB) The Centre Of Expertise on Resources (COE-R) has been created by HCSS, TNO and Trinomics. It supports industry and government to timely and effectively anticipate strategic opportunities and risks related to the sustainable supply of resources. The focus is on abiotic and biotic (non-energy) resources, referring to metals,…

Trinomics has examined Public Private Partnerships for ‘Inclusive Green Growth’

Report: PPPs and inclusive green growth (785 KB) ‘Inclusive green growth’ is a term that is now frequently used in development projects in order to state that such projects should foster and promote a balance between social, economic and environmental development. The Dutch Government is presently experimenting with partnerships between private organisations, NGO’s and public…

The Balance of Power: Flexibility options for the Dutch electricity market

Report: The Balance of Power – Flexibility Options for the Dutch Electricity Market (final report) (3 MB) The report, ‘The Balance of Power – Flexibility Options for the Dutch Electricity Market’, was written for the Dutch science, technology and innovation organisation TNO. Given the rapidly increasing share of variable renewable electricity sources like solar and wind and…

European Commission report says policy actions in the financial sector can significantly contribute to shifting private capital towards climate-friendly investments

Report: climate-friendly_investments_en (4 MB)   On 15 April 2015 the European Commission (EC) has published the report on ‘Shifting Private Finance towards Climate Friendly Investments – Policy options for mobilising institutional investors’ capital for climate-friendly investment’. Both the authors (Trinomics, Climate Bonds Initiative, 2° Investing Initiative, Frankfurt School UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance, CDC Climat,…

Technology options for deep seabed exploitation – Tackling economic, environmental and societal challenges

Report: STOA Deep sea resources 2015 Layman's summary (4 MB) Report: STOA Deep sea resources 2015 Options Brief (285 KB) Report: STOA Deep sea resources 2015 Report (4 MB) Trinomics (together with Milieu Ltd.) has finalised a study for the European Parliament, STOA Committee on deep seabed exploration and exploitation activities. This report provides a…

EU Energy Governance for the Future

Report: Energy governance for the future (4 MB) An overview of EU energy governance was prepared for the ITRE Committee (Industry, Research and Energy) of the European Parliament. The document gives an insight into the institutions, policies, issues and policy interactions in practice around the three EU energy policy pillars: climate change, competitiveness and security…

Evaluation of the Dutch ‘Topsector Energie’

Report: Management-summary -Review-Topsector-Energie-NL (412 KB) Report: Review-Topsector-Energie-part1 NL (3 MB) Report: Review-Topsector-Energie-part2 NL (913 KB) In the ‘Topsector Energie’ Programme of the Dutch Government, public research institutions and private companies are cooperating in energy innovation. The programme is co-funded by the government and the participating private partners. So far, more than 130 projects have been…

Study on the impacts of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) on the European Energy Sector and Manufacturing Industries


Report: TTIP (3 MB)


Report: TTIP (3 MB) This month our study on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) for the European Parliament (ITRE Committee) came in the news. This study assessed whether and to which extent European energy markets and manufacturing industries would be affected by the TTIP. Although the negotiations are still on-going, the analysis shows…